Online Book Talk/巣ごもり読書会『イスラームのアダム』

Online Book Talk/巣ごもり読書会『イスラームのアダム/ADAM in ISLAM』






 Presentations by Dr. Makoto Sawai, author of Adam in Islam, and Dr. Eiji Nagasawa, Chairman of the RPIG, formed the basis of an in-depth discussion by RPIG members on the gender dimensions of Sufism from both dogmatic and theological perspectives. In his presentation, Dr. Sawai spoke about Adam as being the primordial human being in Sufism, believed to be the perfect human and, as such, representative of an ideal standard for spiritual development in Sufism. When Sufis advance to the level of attaining unity with God, ideally, they will have reached a state in which gender differences, indeed, gender itself, vanish. Moreover, in Sufism both the study and understanding of the collective theological knowledge of the movement, as well as the tradition of worshipping through direct actions such as dancing, are both highly valued. It is this egalitarian aspect of Sufism, though the religion is not always necessarily correctly interpreted or understood by Islamic feminists, that appeals to and resonates within the movements for gender equality in Islamic regions.
 In his presentation, Dr. Nagasawa commented upon the role of gender and the importance of a critical analysis of the concept of “beauty”, as was highlighted in Edward Said’s initiative to create an alternative perspective, beyond Orientalism. that recognizes and includes the binary of secularism/religion. In the Q & A that followed, one crucially important question which was raised centered around the necessity of critically examining and addressing the androcentric aspects of Sufism.
 Of particular interest to me personally was the enthusiasm engendered by the possibility of new theological and philosophical interpretations of beauty and art resulting from notable new directions, trends and developments. Both Feminism and Gender Studies have rich histories of critical theories, studies and examinations surrounding the representation of women’s bodies and the primarily male gaze. Although these theories and studies were not, necessarily, the focus of the discussion following the presentations, the potential combination of feminism & gender theory with theological and philosophical interpretations of beauty and arts in Islamic studies raised intriguing questions and possibilities. Such intersectional discussions and debates may well foster new critical examinations of the concepts of “beauty” and “art” that go beyond the current conventional and often times rigid understanding of these words.



◆語り手:澤井 真(天理大学)、長沢 栄治(東京外国語大学)

澤井 真(さわい まこと)
スーフィズム(イスラーム神秘主義)の代表的思想家・イブン・アラビー の思想が、女性に注目することで新たな人間論を構築しており、ジェンダー論にも大きな影響を与えていることを知る。「男/女の解消─スーフィズムの人間観」(『ジェンダー研究』21号、2019年)など。天理大学おやさと研究所講師。
長沢 栄治(ながさわ えいじ)


・科研費基盤研究(A) イスラーム・ジェンダー学と現代的課題に関する応用的・実践的研究(代表:長沢 栄治)
・グローバル秩序の溶解と新しい危機を超えて:関係性中心の融合型人文社会科学の確立 B01班規範とアイデンティティ(代表:酒井 啓子)
イスラーム・ジェンダー学科研事務局 (office@islam-gender.jp)